British Bomb, 12000 lb DP, Mk 1 Tallboy

1394-051

Description

The bomb body is manufactured of cast steel, with a solid nose plug, and with three exploders fitted 120° apart in the base plate. The bombs are issued with exploders inserted, and the exploder tubes are sealed with shipping plugs.

The tail is attached to the after end of the bomb body by 12 studs. A cylindrical metal cowling, placed between the bomb body and the tail cone, enhances the streamlining of the bomb.

The bomb body contains an explosive filling of Torpex with a one-inch layer of TNT topping added to the after end. Four inches of wood meal/wax composition is then added, and the filling sealed with a plyboard washer. The three exploders pass through holes in this washer and are held in place by a heavy base plate, which is secured by bolts to the bomb body.

The special tail unit, No. 78 Mk I, is constructed of light alloy and consists of a cone to which are attached four fins of streamlined cross-section. The fins are set at an angle of 5° to the axis of the tail cone, giving a slight right-hand spin to the bomb as it falls. The tail fits over twelve 7/16-in. studs fitted into the bomb body, and is securely fastened to the studs by Simmonds nuts. Three hand-holes in the tail cone give ready access to the three tail pistols.

The bomb is suspended in the plane by twin suspension links. Each link is coupled beneath the bomb by a special Vickers release clip, capable of either electrical or manual operation.

In addition to the suspension links, the bomb is positioned in the plane by a standard crutching system.

This bomb is designed for special operational uses, and its employment will be restricted to certain specified bomb commands. The initials "D.P.” signify its deep penetration characteristics, although the bomb is not designed for armor or concrete piercing. Rather, it is intended to produce heavy shock waves as a result of the explosion of its heavy main charge deep within the earth.

The bomb is carried on specially adapted Lancaster aircraft. The striking velocity of the bomb, when released at an altitude of 18,000 ft. and an air speed of 200 m.p.h., is stated at 1,097 ft./sec., at which speed it has developed a rotational velocity of 300 r.p.m.

The filling and exploder system of this bomb is identical to that of the 22,000 lb. D.P. Bomb, "Grand Slam.” The two bombs are identical in all respects, the 22,000-lb. D.P. being merely an enlarged version of the 12,000-lb. D.P. Bomb.

See Also

British Bombs - Construction

British Bombs - Designation and Classification

British Bombs - Fillings

Pistol, Tail, No. 58 Mk 1

Source(s)

OP 1665, British Explosive Ordnance (1946)